Types of Learning Disabilities in Children
5 months ago
What are the different kinds of learning disabilities?
Learning disabilities includes a range of neurologically based learning disorders of various severity levels, sometimes referred to as specific learning disabilities. It refers to a disability in one or more psychological processes such as reading, writing, mathematics, etc.
- Auditory Processing Disorder
- Sensory Processing Disorder
Dysgraphia is characterised by the person having difficulty converting the sounds of language into written form or knowing which alternate spelling to use for each sound.
- inappropriately sized and spaced letters
- write wrong or misspelt words
- poor handwriting
- difficulty expressing thoughts in writing
A learning disability which affects skills involved in reading, spelling and writing. Children with this condition will have normal intelligence and normal vision.
- Learning new words slowly
- Avoiding activities that involve reading
- Problems remembering the sequence of things
- Reading well below the expected level for age
- Problems processing and understanding what he or she hears
- Difficulty finding the right word or forming answers to questions
Dyscalculia is a term referring to a wide range of difficulties with maths, including weaknesses in understanding the meaning of numbers, and difficulty applying mathematical principles to solve problems.
- difficulty understanding or remembering mathematical concepts such as multiplication, division, fractions, carrying, and borrowing
- difficulty reconciling verbal or written cues (such as the word “two”) and their math symbols and signifiers (the number 2)
- trouble explaining math processes or showing work when asked to complete a mathematical task
- difficulty describing the sequence of events or remembering the steps in a math process.
Dyspraxia is a brain-based motor disorder. It affects fine and gross motor skills, motor planning, and coordination.
- unusual body positions
- general irritability
- sensitivity to loud noises
- feeding and sleeping problems
- high level of movement of the arms and legs